This is the “summary” of the first hadith of An-Nawawi 🙂
Every conscious, intentional act that a rational person performs is driven and brought into being by his intention. Intentions can be of three types: good, pious intentions; religiously neutral ones or evil ones. (And evil intentions are evil regardless of any claim of good motive).
The actions of the heart (niyyah) can take one beyond what he/she are actually capable of doing. There is a hadith in Sahih Bukhari and Sahih Muslim in which the Prophet sallallahu ‘alahi wa sallam was on an expedition, and he said, “In Madinah there are a people we left behind. We do not pass through any ravine or valley except that thaty are with us [in reward]. They hae been kept behind due to valid excuses.” It seems that this hadith is not referring to those types of actions, however. It is talking about the…
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